Tuesday, 28 August 2007

Temples in Macau 澳門廟宇 (澳门庙宇)

1. Hong Kung Miu
Location : Stands in the bustling market square between Rua das Estalagens and Rua de Cinco de Outubro.
Built : 1750

The Temple is dedicated to the God of War and Riches, Kwan Tai.

2. Kun Iam Tong
Location : Avenida do Coronel Mesquita
Built : 1627

This is the oldest organized temple in Macau, a statue of Kun Iam adorns the main hall of the temple. People regards this temple perhaps the most impressive of Macau’s three oldest temples. Inside the temple is the Hall of the Three Precious Buddhas and Hall of the Buddha of Longevity. It also has a lotus pond (the lotus is supposed to have grown into the shape of Chinese character for longevity).

3. Lin Fung Miu
Location : Avenida do Almirante Lacerda
Built : 1592

The temple was built in 1592 and its the leading Taoist temple in Macau. A statue of Commissioner Lin Zexu is on the temple grounds inside the temple. In the 1980s, some restoration work took place. It restored several times during Qing Dynasty before. Inside the Lin Fung Temple, the main hall is devoted to Kun Iam, who stands on an altar with detailed and meticulous inscriptions and carvings. Historically, the temple has served as a boarding house for government officials when they visited Macau from the Mainland.

4. Lin Kai Miu
Location : Travessa da Corda

Built : it dates from the late 1600’s

This is one of the older temples in the city and the temple’s facade is granite with carvings on the walls. The temple’s focus 'Ua Kuong' is the god of protection against fire. Furthermore, There is a hall devoted to the Taoist Monkey god. Lin Kai Temple also supports a hospital and a home for the poor people in Macau.

5. Pou Tai Un
Location : Taipa
Built : Founded in the 19th century, Buddhist monks started the temple date back in the 1800’s.

This is possibly the richest temple in Macau and both the monastery and temples have since been extended and enriched by devotees. There are new pavilions with soaring yellow-tile roofs and an elegant statue of Kun Iam on a marble-columned terrace in this temple. The original prayer hall is now home to images of the Three Precious Buddhas.

6. Tai Soi Miu
Location : Rua da Figueira

Kun Iam has a prominent place in the temple. Also included inside the temple is a shrine to Pau Kung, the Taoist god of justice. Tai Soi is among Macau’s most interesting temples, therefore its worth for a visit. The temple has been described as “a vertical maze of prayer halls linked by narrow staircases and moon gates” with a collection of goddesses, who serve as patrons to pregnant women, fertility, and child birth, are in the temple. Moreover, there is a shrine to the gilded Sleeping Buddha inside the temple.

7. Tam Kung Miu
This temple is dedicated to Tam Kung, the Taoist god of sailors. It also houses a four foot replica of a dragon boat made from whale bone - complete with wooden sailors in red robes and yellow hats, and there are extravagant murals in the temple.

Source : www.flickr.com and taken by daniel_k_wong

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8. A-Ma Temple
The A-Ma Temple sits at the bottom of Penha Hill by a cliff. The temple has four main buildings, three of which are dedicated to A-Ma, which are the goddess of Mercy, Kun Iam, is the focus of one shrine. The Main Hall, Stone Hall, and Great Mercy Hall, however, all are dedicated to A-Ma and include statues of the goddess and models of the Chinese junk in which she made her legendary voyage. The Garden spots built into the cliff behind the temple provide some excellent views of the city. There is a festival in honor of A-Ma in April or May every year.

Source : www.flickr.com and taken by * andrew

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9. Pak Tai
Location : Rua do Regedor
Built : 1844

The temple is devoted to the Taoist god of the North, Pak Tai. It was renovated in 1994 by the Macau Cultural Institute and the Orient Foundation of Macau.

Source : www.flickr.com and taken by lam_vienna

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10. Tin Hau Old Temple

Location : Avenida da República.
Built : 1677

This is the oldest temple on Coloane Island. The temple has undergone several renovations in the past decades. The most recent one is being sponsored by the Macau Cultural Institute in the 1980’s. In traditional fashion, the temple is divided into three chapels - Tin Hua is the “Queen of the Sky” in Chinese mythology, Tin Hau shares the temple with alters to the god of war (Kuan Tai), the god of wealth (Choi Pa Seng Kaun), the god of medicine (Wa To), and the god of carpenters (Lou Pan).

11. Kuan Tai Temple
Built : 1750

This temple is dedicated to Kuan Tai, which is the god of war and riches in Chinese mythology. Kuan Tai and his two sons sit on an alter in the temple. Festivals to Kuan Tai take place in May and June every year.